Iran Hunts for Survivors as Quake Kills 300 near Kurdistan Border
Iranian rescue workers dug through rubble in a hunt for survivors on Monday after a major earthquake struck the Iran-Iraq border, killing more than 300 people and injuring thousands.
The 7.3-magnitude quake rocked a border area 30 kilometers (20 miles) southwest of Halabja in the Kurdistan Region at around 9:20 pm (1820 GMT) on Sunday, when many people would have been at home, the US Geological Survey said.
The worst affected areas were in Iran's western province of Kermanshah, where the coroner's office told state television that at least 336 people were dead and 3,950 injured.
Across the border in the Kurdistan Region, in more sparsely populated areas, the health ministry said eight people had died and several hundred were injured.
Some Iranians spent the night outdoors after fleeing their homes in the mountainous cross-border region, huddling around fires at dawn as the authorities deployed help to affected areas.
A woman and her baby were pulled alive from the rubble in the Iranian-Kurdish town of Sar Peli Zahaw, the worst hit in the quake, local media reported.
Officials said they were setting up relief camps but that access to the affected areas was not easy.
Iran's emergency services chief Pir Hossein Koolivand said it was "difficult to send rescue teams to the villages because the roads have been cut off... there have been landslides".
The official IRNA news agency said 30 Red Crescent teams had been sent to the quake zone, parts of which had experienced power cuts.
Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ordered the government and armed forces to mobilize "all their means" to help.
- Collapsed walls -
Local media reported hundreds of ambulances and dozens of army helicopters mobilized for rescue operations including in rural areas.
After initially pinning the quake's epicenter inside Iraq, the USGS then placed it across the border in Iran on Monday morning.
Sar Peli Zahaw, home to some 85,000 people close to the border, was the worst hit with at least 236 dead, while the towns of Eslamabad and Qasr-e Shirin were also affected.
Some 259,000 people live in the areas around these towns, according to the most recent census.
State television showed tents, blankets and food being distributed in areas hit by the quake.
At dawn on Monday in Sar Peli Zahaw, buildings stood disfigured, their former facades now rubble on crumpled vehicles.
In an open space away from wrecked housing blocks, men and women, some wrapped in blankets, huddled around a campfire.
In the Kurdistan Region, the health ministry said the quake had killed seven people in the northern province of Sulaimani and one in Diyala province to its south.
More than 500 people were injured in both provinces and the nearby province of Kirkuk.
Footage posted on Twitter showed panicked people fleeing a building in Sulaimani, as windows shattered at the moment the quake struck, while images from the nearby town of Darbandikhan showed walls and concrete structures that had collapsed.
In Darbandikhan, where four people were killed, officials called on residents to sleep outside as a precautionary measure.
Nizar Abdullah spent the night with neighbors sifting through the ruins of a two-storey home next door after it crumbled into concrete debris.
"There were eight people inside," the 34-year-old Kurd said.
Some family members managed to escape, but "neighbors and rescue workers pulled out the mother and one of the children dead from the rubble".